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Structure of training
The Bologna system was introduced at the University of Debrecen in 2006. Since then the former one-tier 5-year training structure has been gradually replaced by the 3+2 years (bachelor+master) system. The changes did not affect medical (MD), pharmaceutical (DPharm), dental (DMD) and legal (JD) training which take 6 and 5 years to complete, respectively.
System of training
Applicants to institutions of higher education in Hungary must have a secondary school certificate. Training is based on a seminar and lecture system. Seminars are in general smaller discussion groups, with active student participation. Lectures follow the classical model: a bigger audience, where students have little chance to make comments.
Some science and medical courses require students to complete a laboratory practice or field work, too.
Students are usually required to complete 180 ECTS credits during a 3-year programme, and 120 ECTS credits during a 2-year training. Certain programmes (e.g. teacher training) require an additional semester of practical training or internship.
The academic year
The academic year consists of two semesters: autumn (September– January) and spring (February–June). Both semesters include a 15-week long study period, usually with one week of schoolbreak in the middle of the term, and a 6-week long exam session.
Click here for the academic calendar.
At seminars, grades are usually awarded on the basis of in-class performance, mid-term and end-term papers, take-home essays, oral presentations, or a combination of these requirements. Class attendance is mandatory for seminars. Seminars end in the fall semester around December 20 and in the spring semester around May 20.
As for lectures, class attendance is recommended. Grades are awarded on the basis of oral and/or written exams, which take place during the 6-week long exam session at the end of the term. Students may choose from 2 to 4 dates when they want to sit for a particular exam. In case of fail, one re-sit will be allowed. In the fall semester exams take place from around December 20 to the end of January, in the spring semester from around May 20 to the end of June.
The grading system is as follows: